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Theme 1: Types of impacts and dependences of various types of businesses on biodiversity

The assessment will focus on identifying:

  1. Categories of business dependence on biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people, the materiality of that dependence and implications for risk management;
  2. Categories of business impact on biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people, both direct (land-use change and other habitat changes, including through fragmentation, water degradation and extraction, overexploitation, pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and increased risk of invasive alien species) and indirect (e.g., through trade, indirect land-use change or other substitution effects and other aspects of telecoupling, including those mediated through supply chains), the materiality of the impact and implications for risk management.