Skip to main content


Definition Source References

A system that links people to the vital forces of nature, especially the soul or inner-self of non-humans or nature spirits, through the mediation of a specialist, the shaman. Shamans are generally trained through enduring experiences including the consumption of psychotropic substances that lead them to experience spiritual connections that are mobilized to combat illness and any dangers that may affect their community.

Sustainable use assessment, Global assessment (1st work programme)