SDG6. Clean water and sanitation
The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) provides a framework for measuring the links between the environment and economy.
The SEEA consists of two parts. The SEEA Central Framework (SEEA CF) was adopted by the UN Statistical Commission as the first international standard for environmental-economic accounting in 2012. The Central Framework looks at individual environmental assets, such as water, forests and fisheries resources, and how they are extracted from the environment, used within the economy, and returned to the environment as air, water, and waste.
This linked land-sea modeling framework helps assess the relative influence of terrestrial and marine drivers on coral reef communities. It links land cover/use to coral reefs through analyzing nutrient-enriched groundwater flux. Based on climate, groundwater recharge and recharge nutrient concentration data, groundwater flow and nutrient flux discharging at the coast are modeled. The model was developed for two ahupua’a, or traditional ridge-to-reef management systems, in Hawaii.
This publication applies the “Safe Operating Space” or SOS framework to inland recreational fisheries management by determining the parameters under which harvest, habitat, predation, catchability, and other qualities of a fishery are sustainable. The publication examines these key qualities and the interactions between them, and offers suggestions for managers to adjust the framework and make decisions appropriate to the unique situation of each fishery.
A review of coastal management approaches to support the integration of ecological and human community planning for climate change
This review describes the use of natural infrastructure in tidal marsh, beach and barrier island, mangrove, and biogenic reef habitats along the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts of the United States. The term natural infrastructure refers to planned networks of natural lands that conserve or enhance ecosystem values and services (see Ozment et al., 2015). The benefits, opportunities, and challenges of implementing natural infrastructure in a coastal zone are compared to those of grey and hybrid infrastructure.