A review of coastal management approaches to support the integration of ecological and human community planning for climate change

This review describes the use of natural infrastructure in tidal marsh, beach and barrier island, mangrove, and biogenic reef habitats along the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts of the United States. The term natural infrastructure refers to planned networks of natural lands that conserve or enhance ecosystem values and services (see Ozment et al., 2015). The benefits, opportunities, and challenges of implementing natural infrastructure in a coastal zone are compared to those of grey and hybrid infrastructure.

Sea-Level Rise Modeling Handbook: Resource Guide for Coastal Land Mangers, Engineers, and Scientists

This handbook describes and categorizes data, methods, and models and their design, structure, and application for hindcasting and forecasting the potential impacts of sea-level rise on coastal ecosystems. The first section of the handbook describes factors, rates, and models of observed and projected sea-level change, and the second section categorizes simulation tools for forecasting potential sea-level rise impacts on coastal ecosystems.

Multi-scale integrated models of ecosystem services (MIMES)

MIMES is an ecosystem-based management tool. It integrates georeferenced datasets, with diverse information sources on human and natural systems to create systems models. These systems models assess the value of ecosystem services at different spatial levels under different future scenarios. These are bespoke models for particular cases.

The MIMES approach has been applied in New Zealand and Massachusetts. It is also under development for use by the Ministry of Fisheries in Cambodia in managing the Tonle Sap Lake.