This review describes the use of natural infrastructure in tidal marsh, beach and barrier island, mangrove, and biogenic reef habitats along the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts of the United States. The term natural infrastructure refers to planned networks of natural lands that conserve or enhance ecosystem values and services (see Ozment et al., 2015). The benefits, opportunities, and challenges of implementing natural infrastructure in a coastal zone are compared to those of grey and hybrid infrastructure. Grey infrastructure refers to man-made, constructed assets such as pipes, sea walls, and dams. 

Aim of the resource: 
This review aims to inform coastal managers and planners about the relative costs and benefits of each infrastructure type. By presenting decision-makers with a suite of actions for restoration, conservation, and planning, the review provides options to maximize ecosystem services of coastal habitats while maintaining appropriate flood protections and socio-ecological resilience measures in the short and long term.
Using the resource
Potential benefits from using the resource: 
Includes tables summarizing and evaluating coastal management approaches
Clearly delineates potential actions to improve coastal planning processes
Potential limitations from using the resource: 
Evaluations may not be applicable in certain climate change scenarios due to the unpredictability of projected changes
Some approaches and guidelines may not be applicable to ecosystems outside of the geographic range of study
Scope
Sub/region where used: 
North America
Scale of application: 
Subnational
Practical information
UN languages in which the resource is available: 
Contact details
Contact Name (Person or group/organization): 
United States Geological Survey
Resources
Is the resource freely available?: 
Yes
Do you want to add more details?: 
Yes