Displaying 151 - 180 of 204
A critical evaluation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the region. It evaluates the contributions of biodiversity and ecosystem services as well as major trends in these. Focus is given to different subregions, their distinct biomes, cultures and socio-economic differences. It addresses... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 15 Oct 2018

A critical evaluation of the region’s biodiversity and ecosystem services. It evaluates the contributions of biodiversity and ecosystem services as well as identifying major trends in these. Focus is given to different subregions, their distinct biomes, cultures and socio-economic differences. The... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 15 Oct 2018

The resource box for resilient seed systems, developed by a multidisciplinary team of Bioversity International researchers, is a tool that supports research and capacity building on resilient seed systems in the context of adaptation to climate change. The eight modules of the box represent eight... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

RUSLE helps assess land degradation through soil related measures. RUSLE estimates long-term annual soil loss due to erosion across different land uses and land management activities. The RUSLE equation, developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, estimates average annual soil erosion as... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Feb 2019

Rights of Nature (RoN) is a legal instrument that enables nature, wholly or partly, i.e. ecosystems or species, to have inherent rights and legally should have the same protection as people and corporations; that ecosystems and species have legal rights to exist, thrive and regenerate.  It enables... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

RoN as an environmental policy instrument, with theoretical origins in the 1970s, has been gaining strength in the last 12 years. Various countries has been legislating and implementing RoN via its constitution (e.g. Ecuador, Bolivia) or other national and local laws (Columbia, New Zealand, India,... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 06 Feb 2018

The Rothamsted carbon model (RothC) is a model to assess soil matter turnover, which can indirectly indicate the state of degradation. It is a point-scale model and can be extrapolated to large spatial extents using remote sensing and GIS approaches. RothC is a model for the turnover of organic... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 07 Mar 2019

This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

Scenarios are developed for thinking about the future and longer-term planning - especially useful when considering the links between ecosystem services and development.
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

Scenario planning is a tool for exploring possible, probable and/or preferable futures. Identifying strategies or options that are robust to a range of possible scenarios is also key in scenario planning. Scenario planning typically takes place in a workshop setting, in which participants explore... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Scoping ecosystem services for impact assessment (WRI) is a manual for identifying ecosystem services that have an impact on or could be impacted by project implementation – it is a stepwise approach developed by the World Resource Institute.
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

This handbook describes and categorizes data, methods, and models and their design, structure, and application for hindcasting and forecasting the potential impacts of sea-level rise on coastal ecosystems. The first section of the handbook describes factors, rates, and models of observed and... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 05 Mar 2019

The SARVA Spatial Portal directly supports and allows users free access to and visualisation of vulnerability, exposure and environmental hazards within a particular location, through spatial and non-spatial data and information on risk, vulnerability and sensitivity of a myriad of themes to global... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The Spanish National Ecosystem Assessment (SNEA) is the first national-level analysis of the ability of ecosystems and biodiversity to maintain human well-being in Spain. It aims to provide stakeholders, the scientific community and civil society with interdisciplinary information on the... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 14 Mar 2019

Over the last decades agroforestry parklands in Burkina Faso have come under increasing demographic as well as climatic pressures, which are threatening indigenous tree species that contribute substantially to ncome generation and nutrition in rural households. Analyzing the threats as well as the... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 01 Feb 2018

Stakeholder analysis is a method used for identifying and characterizing stakeholders, their relationships, resources, and interests related to a project or policy issue. It is particularly useful for initial scoping of an ES assessment.
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

Stated preference valuation is a family of techniques which use individual respondents' statements about their preferences to estimate change in utility associated with a proposed increase in quality or quantity of an ecosystem service or bundle of services. Respondents are presented with one or... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Stochastic dynamic programming is a single-objective optimisation approach which employs algorithms designed to optimise an objective function under specified constraints. Optimisation approaches can be viewed as providing the analytical machinery to assist in the generation and analysis of ‘target... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Structured decision making is an organised approach to identifying and evaluating creative options and making choices in complex decision situations. Gregory et al. (2012) defines structured decision making as ‘the collaborative and facilitated application of multiple objective decision-making and... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) provides a framework for measuring the links between the environment and economy. The SEEA consists of two parts. The SEEA Central Framework (SEEA CF) was adopted by the UN Statistical Commission as the first international standard for... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Apr 2019

Also known as “normative scenarios”, target-seeking analyses represent an agreed-upon future target and scenarios that provide alternative pathways for reaching this target. They start with the definition of a clear objective or a set of objectives that can either be specified in terms of... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Plant species that are vegetatively propagated, that have long life cycles and/or produce nonorthodox seeds are traditionally maintained in field collections. Maintaining plants in the field is costly and carries high risks of loss; therefore, the strategies and procedures employed to establish and... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

The TEEBAgriFood valuation framework is a frame of analysis that can enable us to answer the question "what should we value, and why?" The framework ensures that nothing important is missed and that the full range of impacts and dependencies (including externalities) from eco-agri-food systems can... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 27 Mar 2019

The IPBES Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration highlights that land degradation is a pervasive, systemic phenomenon occurring in all parts of the world. The Assessment Report assesses all terrestrial regions (except Antarctica), recognising that land degradation drivers and... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 14 Mar 2019

The Ecosystem Services Partnership Visualization tool (ESP-VT) is an interactive knowledge platform that allows users to share information on ecosystem services maps, data, and mapping methods. ESP-VT is a joint initiative of the Ecosystem Service Partnership’s Working Groups on Mapping and... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Bolivia’s National Programme of Conservation and Sustainable Utilization (PNCASL) for the customary harvest and conservation of caiman (Caiman yacare) illustrates a case study of the successful integration of indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) into biodiversity models to inform policy options (... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

The Treaty establishes a Multilateral System for access and benefit-sharing. This system applies to 35 crops (and crop complexes) and a number of forages. Facilitated access will be granted to materials within that Multilateral System. Conditions of access, including benefitsharing requirements,... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: Implementing the Multilateral System - Learning Module (2010) explains the multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing of the International Treaty and its standard material transfer agreement (SMTA) to enhance... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

The Nature Index is included in the Norwegian official set of indicators for sustainable development, presented annually in the reporting on sustainable development indicators. It will be considered, in cooperation with Statistics Norway, how results from the Nature Index can be applied for... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The Asia-Pacific Regional Assessment is a critical evaluation of the state of available knowledge on biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people in the region. It covers the status, trends, and threats to biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people, as well as policy and management... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 07 Mar 2019