Displaying 91 - 120 of 204
The coastal and oceanic waters around the South American coasts provide rich foraging grounds for breeding and wintering seabirds, but there is growing concern that climate change will provide additional pressures to the seabirds around South America. As in many other coastal ecosystems, seabirds... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

The combined impacts of pathogens and insecticides have implications for the physiological health of individual honey bees and potentially up to the colony scale. Laboratory studies have shown increased larval or worker honey bee mortality and energetic stress due to the additive or synergistic... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 30 Jan 2018

In Africa, there is a high demand for pollination for many crops. At the same time, pollinators are exposed to similar environmental pressures that have been associated with declines elsewhere in the world, e.g., habitat transformation or fragmentation, loss of diversity and abundance of floral... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

The book is based upon a global survey of existing guidelines, methodologies, case studies and other relevant literature on the in situ conservation of plant species, as well as current activities in this area by national and international agencies. This global review was undertaken as part of a... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

Integer linear programming is a type of optimisation approach. Optimisation approaches can be viewed as providing the analytical machinery to assist in the generation and analysis of ‘target-seeking’ or ‘backcasting’ scenarios. This tool is able to address many non-linear optimisation problems by... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

The Integrated Assessment and Valuation Framework for ecosystem services provides guidance on how to select, combine and apply bio-physical, monetary and socio-cultural assessment and valuation methods into hybrid approaches that address policy purposes. The ‘Integrated Assessment and Valuation of... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

IBAT offers a ‘one-stop shop’ data search service for those seeking authoritative global biodiversity information. Described by our users as “a must for any project on biodiversity conservation”, IBAT provides fast, easy, and integrated acces to three of the world’s most authoritative global... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 04 Apr 2019

IBAT for Research and Conservation Planning is an innovative tool designed to facilitate access to a range of global and national data layers, such as protected area boundaries, biological information about habitat and species diversity indices, and key areas for biodiversity, which can be useful... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

A suite of open-source software models to map and value ecosystem services. These are GIS-based spatial models that quantitatively analyse spatial changes in ecosystem services. They can be used to assess alternative management options by measuring the trade-offs. Using maps as information sources... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

This tool provides 1) a conceptual framework that sheds light on the different ecological and social factors that shape socio-cultural values, 2) an overview of quantitative and qualitative methods to assess socio-cultural values, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses, and 3) a framework to... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

LANDPREF is a novel tool to assess desired land use visions. It enables the adjustment of a virtual landscape according to personal preferences of competing land uses, and is an interactive tool for the survey-based assessment of land use preferences.
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

The International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management provides a voluntary framework and standards for managing pesticides throughout their life cycle. The Code is directed primarily at government authorities and the pesticide industry but is also relevant for other stakeholders. The Code has... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The IPSI is a global platform which aims to facilitate and accelerate the implementation of activities under the Satoyama Initiative. The Partnership consists of diverse organizations committed to promoting and supporting socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) for the benefit... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas (IUCN Green List)  aims to increase the number of protected and conserved areas that deliver successful conservation outcomes through effective and equitable governance and management. The IUCN Green List was developed to enhance progress towards... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria is a global standard for how we assess the conservation status of ecosystems, applicable at local, national, regional and global levels. The Red List of Ecosystems evaluates whether ecosystems have reached the final stage of degradation (a... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is the most comprehensive, objective database of the global conservation status of species. It evaluates the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. The IUCN aims to have each species re-evaluated in a peer reviewed manner every five years if... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 29 Oct 2018

The Japan Satoyama Satoumi Assessment (JSSA) is a study of the interaction between humans and terrestrial-aquatic landscape ecosystems (satoyama) and marine-coastal ecosystems (satoumi) in Japan. It follows and applies the framework of sub-global assessments developed by the Millennium Ecosystem... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 12 Mar 2019

The World Database of Key Biodiversity AreasTM is managed by BirdLife International on behalf of the KBA Partnership. It hosts data on global and regional Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), including Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas identified by the BirdLife International Partnership,... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 09 Mar 2018

This 2005 sub-global assessment of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) aimed to assess the Laguna Lake Basin’s ecosystems and their services using the MA framework, thereby contributing to the global MA. It examined four ecosystem services – water, fish, rice and climate regulation. These were... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 04 Apr 2019

This module brings together complementary expertise on policy and education concerning plant genetic resources (PGR) and programme management. The Review of Regional Policy Instruments, Developments and Trends complements the base Learning Module and, as a trainer's tool, it is complete with trends... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

There are potentially thousands of alternative options in most real-world planning and management decision problems. Various mathematical programming techniques from the field of operations research are available to help identify better (or best) candidates from a large set. Optimisation approaches... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

A Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) is an area of nearshore waters and its associated coastal and marine resources that is largely or wholly managed at a local level by the coastal communities, land-owning groups, partner organizations, and/or collaborative government representatives who reside or... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Management strategy evaluation (also termed as management procedure approach, harvest strategy evaluation or operating management procedures) uses simulation models within an adaptive framework to evaluate management options. An ‘operating model’ (or a set of candidate models) is created to address... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

Plagányi et al. (2007) report on the management of South African sardine and anchovy fisheries. The two species have to be managed jointly as the anchovy harvest is necessarily accompanied by the bycatch of juvenile sardine; however, the latter is more valuable when adult, resulting in a trade-off... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 22 Dec 2017

Seeds conserved in genebanks are a vital and irreplaceable resource for safeguarding future agricultural options. The capacity of genebank staff to apply good standards for seed handling is hence of critical importance. This is the standard reference for genebank work and one of the few sources of... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018

The distribution, diversity and conservation status of tropical and subtropical tree species is often poorly known. This makes it difficult to define and establish adequate conservation strategies of these important resources for timber, food, fibre and other tree products. MAPFORGEN is a... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 calls Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory with the assistance of the European Commission. This document provides the basis for a common conceptual framework and a toolkit to ensure... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

The second MAES report presents indicators that can be used at European and Member State's level to map and assess biodiversity, ecosystem condition and ecosystem services according to the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES v4.3). This work is based on a review of data... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

This document sets out a practical, science-based approach to spatial biodiversity assessment and prioritisation, which can be applied at the national level in any country. It is especially useful for countries that are both biodiversity rich and resource constrained, where difficult choices have... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 02 Oct 2018

Mapping ecosystem services can show supply, demand, trends and other aspects relating to ecosystem services. There are various techniques for making maps. Several mapping themes are described in this method brief. Manuals, guidelines, and databases are proposed which offer different kinds of... Read more
[field_policy_support_type] | Updated on 08 Mar 2018