These tools identify and/or address capacity gaps and shortfalls by enhancing the skills and capacity of relevant actors and organizations. This family of tools can be applied to develop capacity to enhance policy outcomes. Examples include handbooks, manuals, guides, e-learning resources, education, workshops, knowledge sharing.

A physical framework for evaluating net effects of wet meadow restoration on late-summer streamflow

This resource evaluates the efficacy of wet meadow restoration techniques in supporting the recovery of the unique yet fragile montane ecosystems and ensuring the continuation of their valuable aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem services. The physically-based conceptual groundwater model introduced in this resource informs managers of the possible consequences of certain restoration decisions and allows them to make choices that maximize benefits.

System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) provides a framework for measuring the links between the environment and economy.

The SEEA consists of two parts. The SEEA Central Framework (SEEA CF) was adopted by the UN Statistical Commission as the first international standard for environmental-economic accounting in 2012. The Central Framework looks at individual environmental assets, such as water, forests and fisheries resources, and how they are extracted from the environment, used within the economy, and returned to the environment as air, water, and waste.

A Rapid Forest Assessment Method for Multiparty Monitoring Across Landscapes

The rapid forest assessment (RFA) approach is a collaborative natural resource management strategy to monitor forests by engaging stakeholders and citizen scientists in data collection. The RFA approach was designed to simplify the process of forest monitoring, allowing for wider geographic and temporal data collection while reducing the resources required for adaptive land management projects. RFA programs also educate stakeholders and citizens on issues related to forest management and restoration.

Sea-Level Rise Modeling Handbook: Resource Guide for Coastal Land Mangers, Engineers, and Scientists

This handbook describes and categorizes data, methods, and models and their design, structure, and application for hindcasting and forecasting the potential impacts of sea-level rise on coastal ecosystems. The first section of the handbook describes factors, rates, and models of observed and projected sea-level change, and the second section categorizes simulation tools for forecasting potential sea-level rise impacts on coastal ecosystems.

Multi-scale integrated models of ecosystem services (MIMES)

MIMES is an ecosystem-based management tool. It integrates georeferenced datasets, with diverse information sources on human and natural systems to create systems models. These systems models assess the value of ecosystem services at different spatial levels under different future scenarios. These are bespoke models for particular cases.

The MIMES approach has been applied in New Zealand and Massachusetts. It is also under development for use by the Ministry of Fisheries in Cambodia in managing the Tonle Sap Lake. 

Environmental management toolkit for obsolete pesticides, Vols. 1-4

The toolkit is intended to support government ministries, project managers, regional and district officers, and storekeepers in planning a safe disposal programme for obsolete pesticides.

The system provided in the toolkit should enable countries to use local resources and to be as self-reliant as possible. The set of tools should help relatively inexperienced users to draw the same conclusions as would be drawn by specialists with many years of experience in obsolete pesticide projects.

Pesticide Registration Toolkit

The FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit has two types of tools. The first provide technical advice on procedures that apply to all pesticides undergoing registration – such as data requirements, testing guidelines, assessment methods, and decision-making steps. The second type are information sources on individual pesticides, such as registrations elsewhere, restrictions and bans, approved labels, maximum residue limits, pesticide properties, and scientific reviews.

The Toolkit also has a section on “special topics”, so far including highly hazardous and public health pesticides.

Guidelines on good practice for ground application of pesticides

These guidelines provide information and advice on all aspects of pesticide application with ground-based field crop sprayers, including: operator training, selection of pesticides and spray equipment, management of exposure, and safe practice in using, storing, transporting and disposing of pesticides and in maintaining and cleaning application equipment.

Resource box for resilient seed systems: handbook

The resource box for resilient seed systems, developed by a multidisciplinary team of Bioversity International researchers, is a tool that supports research and capacity building on resilient seed systems in the context of adaptation to climate change. The eight modules of the box represent eight steps of a participatory research cycle from situational analysis to knowledge sharing and communication. The handbook complements the online version which can be found at: