Conservation Evidence (www.conservationevidence.com) collects and summarises scientific evidence on the effectiveness - or otherwise - of conservation actions. Concise, plain-English accounts of how well conservation actions have worked can be used by decision-makers to make conservation planning more effective.
Implementation, outreach and enforcement
This family focuses primarily on supporting the implementation phase of existing policies. This can be coupled with information tools through monitoring, providing information to stakeholders and supporting enforcement and compliance activities. Examples of these tools include audits, process standards (e.g. ISO), reporting and verification.
The toolkit is intended to support government ministries, project managers, regional and district officers, and storekeepers in planning a safe disposal programme for obsolete pesticides.
The system provided in the toolkit should enable countries to use local resources and to be as self-reliant as possible. The set of tools should help relatively inexperienced users to draw the same conclusions as would be drawn by specialists with many years of experience in obsolete pesticide projects.
The FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit has two types of tools. The first provide technical advice on procedures that apply to all pesticides undergoing registration – such as data requirements, testing guidelines, assessment methods, and decision-making steps. The second type are information sources on individual pesticides, such as registrations elsewhere, restrictions and bans, approved labels, maximum residue limits, pesticide properties, and scientific reviews.
The Toolkit also has a section on “special topics”, so far including highly hazardous and public health pesticides.
These guidelines provide information and advice on all aspects of pesticide application with ground-based field crop sprayers, including: operator training, selection of pesticides and spray equipment, management of exposure, and safe practice in using, storing, transporting and disposing of pesticides and in maintaining and cleaning application equipment.
Guidelines for the Registration of Microbial, Botanical and Semiochemical Pest Control Agents for Plant Protection
These guidelines provide detailed guidance for governments in the registration of products commonly known as biological pesticides (i.e. microbial, botanical and semio-chemical pest control agents). The guidelines describe the different type of products, list and discuss their respective data requirements, explain how to evaluate the test results, explain how and where the products differ from chemical pesticides, and indicate where particular attention is needed.
These guidelines set out basic principles for pesticide registration, such as having clear requirements and criteria, maintaining transparency but protecting the applicant’s intellectual property rights, evaluating hazards and precautions needed, assessing risks and benefits based on the local situation, and providing for post-registration monitoring and re-evaluation of risks to consider new information.
The guidelines provide the definition of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) given in the International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, as well as the eight criteria developed by the FAO-WHO JMPM for determining if a pesticide is highly hazardous. The guidelines also discuss the international context for action on HHPs, which includes the Stockholm and Rotterdam Conventions and the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) resolution that calls for concerted action to address HHPs.
Understanding the spatial relationships that link social communities to their ecosystems and biophysical landscapes
The aim of this resource is contributing a theoretical and methodological approach to the cultural and social valuation method section of the online catalogue. The analysis of socio-spatial relationships is suggested as a suitable conceptual basis to fully recognise the voices and values of a wider diversity of people. The resource follows an anthropological perspective in accordance with the work of Henri Lefebvre (in the volume The Production of Space ).
The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) is a cornerstone programme to the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group of the Arctic council. The CBMP is an international network of scientists, government agencies, Indigenous organizations and conservation groups working together to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the Arctic's living resources.
The CBMP focuses its efforts on five key program areas:
The nature value explorer is a free webbased tool that makes it possible to calculate the impact of a project on ecosystem services in a qualitative, biophysical and monetary way. It quickly assesses the impact and makes it possible to compare scenarios and discuss with stakeholders. The tool is spatially explicit for Flanders, Belgium. The user draws the case study area on a map and draws the different measures that are planned in the scenario. The tool collects the necessary input data from national maps and calculates the supply and value of different ecosystem services.