Tools in this family aim to provide the data that is needed to understand the function and links between biodiversity, human wellbeing and nature’s contributions to people (including ecosystem services). Tools under this family include databases, indicators, or different methods for mapping of ecosystem services.

Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool (IBAT)

IBAT offers a ‘one-stop shop’ data search service for those seeking authoritative global biodiversity information. Described by our users as “a must for any project on biodiversity conservation”, IBAT provides fast, easy, and integrated acces to three of the world’s most authoritative global biodiversity datasets: the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas and the World Database on Protected Areas.

System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) provides a framework for measuring the links between the environment and economy.

The SEEA consists of two parts. The SEEA Central Framework (SEEA CF) was adopted by the UN Statistical Commission as the first international standard for environmental-economic accounting in 2012. The Central Framework looks at individual environmental assets, such as water, forests and fisheries resources, and how they are extracted from the environment, used within the economy, and returned to the environment as air, water, and waste.

A linked land-sea modeling framework to inform ridge-to-reef management in high oceanic islands

This linked land-sea modeling framework helps assess the relative influence of terrestrial and marine drivers on coral reef communities. It links land cover/use to coral reefs through analyzing nutrient-enriched groundwater flux. Based on climate, groundwater recharge and recharge nutrient concentration data, groundwater flow and nutrient flux discharging at the coast are modeled. The model was developed for two ahupua’a, or traditional ridge-to-reef management systems, in Hawaii.

A Safe Operating Space for inland recreational fisheries

This publication applies the “Safe Operating Space” or SOS framework to inland recreational fisheries management by determining the parameters under which harvest, habitat, predation, catchability, and other qualities of a fishery are sustainable. The publication examines these key qualities and the interactions between them, and offers suggestions for managers to adjust the framework and make decisions appropriate to the unique situation of each fishery.

Coordination of Information on the Environment (CORINE) Land Cover

Coordination of Information on the Environment (CORINE) Land Cover provides information on the biophysical characteristics of European land cover. The CORINE Land Cover project was established in the 1980s to standardise data collection on the state of land in Europe and to support environmental policy, and has become the primary spatial data source on land for the European Economic Area. Images are acquired by earth observation satellites. It is currently a product of the Copernicus Land Monitoring Service. Copernicus is the earth observation programme of the European Union.

RothC

The Rothamsted carbon model (RothC) is a model to assess soil matter turnover, which can indirectly indicate the state of degradation. It is a point-scale model and can be extrapolated to large spatial extents using remote sensing and GIS approaches. RothC is a model for the turnover of organic carbon in topsoil that allows for the effects of soil type, temperature, soil moisture and plant cover.

CENTURY

CENTURY is a general model of plant-soil nutrient cycling which has been used to simulate carbon and nutrient dynamics for different types of ecosystems. It can be used to assess soil matter turnover, which can indicate the state of degradation. CENTURY is composed of a soil organic matter/decomposition submodel, a water budget model, a grassland/crop submodel, a forest production submodel, and management and events scheduling functions. It computes the flow of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur through the model's compartments.

Sea-Level Rise Modeling Handbook: Resource Guide for Coastal Land Mangers, Engineers, and Scientists

This handbook describes and categorizes data, methods, and models and their design, structure, and application for hindcasting and forecasting the potential impacts of sea-level rise on coastal ecosystems. The first section of the handbook describes factors, rates, and models of observed and projected sea-level change, and the second section categorizes simulation tools for forecasting potential sea-level rise impacts on coastal ecosystems.

DNDC DeNitrification-DeComposition

DNDC is a computer simulation model of carbon and nitrogen biogeochemistry in agro-ecosystems. The model can be used for predicting crop growth, soil temperature and moisture, carbon dynamics, nitrogen leaching, and trace gases emissions. 

The DNDC model can assess the soil matter turnover, which can indirectly indicate the state of degradation. It is a point-scale model and can be extrapolated to large spatial extents using remote sensing and GIS approaches.

Hydrus

The HYDRUS computer software packages simulate the one-, two- or three- dimensional movement of water, heat and multiple solutes in variably saturated media. The program numerically solves the Richards' equation for saturated-unsaturated water flow and Fickian-based advection dispersion equations for heat and solute transport. The Flow equation incorporates a sink term to account for water uptake by plant roots. The Heat transport equation considers conduction as well as convection with flowing water.