IPBES was established in 2012 by more than 100 governments, and its membership has continued to grow as IPBES' impact has increased.

Who can become a member?
All States Members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership, with a large number of NGOs, organisations, conventions and civil society groupings participating in the formal IPBES process as observers.

Why become a member?
To strengthen knowledge foundations for better policy through science, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.

How to become a member?
Should your Government wish to join IPBES, all that is required is for this intention to be officially communicated to the IPBES secretariat, by way of a formal letter, issued by or on behalf of the authority that would normally issue credentials for your national delegation to participate in a session of the IPBES Plenary, in other words by your Head of State or Government or minister for foreign affairs, consistent with your national policies and law.

Members

132

Members by region (%)

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Flag Name Membership Status IPBES Regionsort descending Membership date
European Union Observer 09 May 2018
South Africa Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Cameroon Member African States 20 Dec 2013
Niger Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
South Sudan Observer African States
Tunisia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Zambia Member African States
Mauritania Member African States
Nigeria Member African States
Gabon Member African States
Zimbabwe Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mauritius Observer African States
Central African Republic Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Djibouti Observer African States
Gambia Observer African States
Chad Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Rwanda Observer African States
Algeria Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Lesotho Observer African States
Benin Member African States
Sudan Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Uganda Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Liberia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Ghana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Angola Observer African States
Libya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Egypt Member African States
Comoros Member African States
Botswana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Morocco Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Equatorial Guinea Observer African States
United Republic of Tanzania Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mozambique Observer African States
Eritrea Observer African States
Sao Tome and Principe Observer African States
Guinea Observer African States
Madagascar Member African States
Guinea-Bissau Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Malawi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Namibia Observer African States
Côte d’Ivoire Member African States
Eswatini Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Senegal Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Burkina Faso Member African States
Ethiopia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Kenya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Burundi Member African States
Togo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Seychelles Observer African States
Mali Member African States
Cabo Verde Observer African States
Somalia Observer African States
Sierra Leone Observer African States
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Observer Asia-Pacific States
Republic of Korea Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Singapore Observer Asia-Pacific States
Yemen Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Marshall Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Lao People's Democratic Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
India Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Afghanistan Member Asia-Pacific States 08 Dec 2014
Niue Observer Asia-Pacific States
Sri Lanka Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Solomon Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Indonesia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Lebanon Observer Asia-Pacific States
State of Palestine Observer Asia-Pacific States
Tuvalu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Oman Observer Asia-Pacific States
Iraq Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Bhutan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
China Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Pakistan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Mongolia Observer Asia-Pacific States
Palau Observer Asia-Pacific States
United Arab Emirates Member Asia-Pacific States 12 Jun 2017
Samoa Observer Asia-Pacific States
Papua New Guinea Observer Asia-Pacific States
Syrian Arab Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
Cook Islands Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Tajikistan Member Asia-Pacific States
Japan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Brunei Darussalam Observer Asia-Pacific States
Myanmar Observer Asia-Pacific States
Thailand Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Saudi Arabia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Jordan Member Asia-Pacific States 17 May 2018
Philippines Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Kazakhstan Observer Asia-Pacific States
Malaysia Member Asia-Pacific States
Nauru Observer Asia-Pacific States
Timor-Leste Observer Asia-Pacific States
Vanuatu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Maldives Member Asia-Pacific States
Nepal Member Asia-Pacific States
Kiribati Observer Asia-Pacific States
Bahrain Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Qatar Observer Asia-Pacific States
Fiji Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Tonga Observer Asia-Pacific States
Viet Nam Member Asia-Pacific States 27 Aug 2014
Kuwait Observer Asia-Pacific States
Bangladesh Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Cambodia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Hungary Member Eastern European States
Kyrgyzstan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Republic of Moldova Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Slovakia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Belarus Member Eastern European States
Romania Member Eastern European States 06 Dec 2016
Turkey Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Slovenia Observer Eastern European States
Latvia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Russian Federation Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Turkmenistan Observer Eastern European States
Albania Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Georgia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Ukraine Observer Eastern European States
Bosnia and Herzegovina Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Montenegro Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Lithuania Member Eastern European States
Armenia Member Eastern European States
Estonia Member Eastern European States 23 May 2016
Bulgaria Member Eastern European States 12 Jun 2017
Croatia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Observer Eastern European States
Uzbekistan Observer Eastern European States
Azerbaijan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Poland Observer Eastern European States
Serbia Observer Eastern European States
Czech Republic Member Eastern European States
Nicaragua Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Trinidad and Tobago Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Barbados Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Belize Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Mexico Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Dominica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Chile Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Dominican Republic Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Saint Kitts and Nevis Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Ecuador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Suriname Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Saint Lucia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Colombia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Antigua and Barbuda Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Panama Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
El Salvador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Grenada Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Argentina Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guatemala Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Jamaica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Brazil Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Paraguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 05 Jan 2018
Costa Rica Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Peru Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Uruguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guyana Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Cuba Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Haiti Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Bahamas Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States 14 Aug 2018
Honduras Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Finland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
France Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Iceland Observer Western European and other States
Canada Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Denmark Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Spain Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Belgium Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Norway Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Micronesia (Federated States of) Observer Western European and other States
Germany Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Andorra Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Monaco Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Ireland Member Western European and other States
Sweden Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Greece Member Western European and other States 18 Dec 2014
Israel Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Liechtenstein Observer Western European and other States
Switzerland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Italy Observer Western European and other States
San Marino Observer Western European and other States
Luxembourg Member Western European and other States
United States of America Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Australia Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Austria Member Western European and other States
Cyprus Observer Western European and other States
Portugal Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Holy See Observer Western European and other States
Netherlands Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Malta Observer Western European and other States
New Zealand Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
CSV