IPBES was established in 2012 by more than 100 governments, and its membership has continued to grow as IPBES' impact has increased.

Who can become a member?
All States Members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership, with a large number of NGOs, organisations, conventions and civil society groupings participating in the formal IPBES process as observers.

Why become a member?
To strengthen knowledge foundations for better policy through science, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.

How to become a member?
Should your Government wish to join IPBES, all that is required is for this intention to be officially communicated to the IPBES secretariat, by way of a formal letter, issued by or on behalf of the authority that would normally issue credentials for your national delegation to participate in a session of the IPBES Plenary, in other words by your Head of State or Government or minister for foreign affairs, consistent with your national policies and law.

Members

128

Members by region (%)

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Flag Name Membership Status IPBES Region Membership datesort descending
Bahamas Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Malta Observer Western European and other States
Costa Rica Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Tuvalu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Qatar Observer Asia-Pacific States
Holy See Observer Western European and other States
Japan Member Asia-Pacific States
Brazil Member Latin American and Caribbean States
South Africa Member African States
Myanmar Observer Asia-Pacific States
El Salvador Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Viet Nam Member Asia-Pacific States
Sao Tome and Principe Observer African States
Libya Member African States
Tajikistan Member Asia-Pacific States
Oman Observer Asia-Pacific States
Germany Member Western European and other States
Albania Member Eastern European States
Bahrain Member Asia-Pacific States
Marshall Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Colombia Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Uganda Member African States
Republic of Korea Member Asia-Pacific States
Hungary Member Eastern European States
Kazakhstan Observer Asia-Pacific States
Brunei Darussalam Observer Asia-Pacific States
South Sudan Observer African States
Namibia Observer African States
Equatorial Guinea Observer African States
Yemen Member Asia-Pacific States
Saudi Arabia Member Asia-Pacific States
Liechtenstein Observer Western European and other States
Cook Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Thailand Member Asia-Pacific States
Pakistan Member Asia-Pacific States
Guinea-Bissau Member African States
Algeria Member African States
Bangladesh Member Asia-Pacific States
Mauritania Member African States
Comoros Member African States
Ukraine Observer Eastern European States
Republic of Moldova Member Eastern European States
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Member Asia-Pacific States
Kenya Member African States
Spain Member Western European and other States
Nauru Observer Asia-Pacific States
Eritrea Observer African States
Zambia Member African States
Senegal Member African States
Andorra Member Western European and other States
Lithuania Member Eastern European States
Central African Republic Member African States
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Observer Eastern European States
Palau Observer Asia-Pacific States
Guyana Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Barbados Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Mauritius Observer African States
Democratic Republic of the Congo Member African States
United Arab Emirates Member Asia-Pacific States
Romania Member Eastern European States
India Member Asia-Pacific States
Kiribati Observer Asia-Pacific States
Burkina Faso Member African States
Sri Lanka Member Asia-Pacific States
Nepal Member Asia-Pacific States
Estonia Member Eastern European States
Zimbabwe Member African States
Serbia Observer Eastern European States
Angola Observer African States
Kyrgyzstan Member Eastern European States
Cameroon Member African States
Timor-Leste Observer Asia-Pacific States
Panama Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Ghana Member African States
Mexico Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Observer Asia-Pacific States
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Member Western European and other States
Russian Federation Member Eastern European States
Indonesia Member Asia-Pacific States
Kuwait Observer Asia-Pacific States
Burundi Member African States
State of Palestine Observer Asia-Pacific States
Netherlands Member Western European and other States
Ethiopia Member African States
Seychelles Observer African States
Antigua and Barbuda Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Luxembourg Member Western European and other States
Cabo Verde Observer African States
Togo Member African States
Papua New Guinea Observer Asia-Pacific States
Greece Member Western European and other States
Belize Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Micronesia (Federated States of) Observer Western European and other States
Denmark Member Western European and other States
United Republic of Tanzania Member African States
Rwanda Observer African States
Iceland Observer Western European and other States
Lao People's Democratic Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
Bosnia and Herzegovina Member Eastern European States
Sudan Member African States
New Zealand Member Western European and other States
Fiji Member Asia-Pacific States
Sierra Leone Observer African States
Madagascar Member African States
Cambodia Member Asia-Pacific States
Tonga Observer Asia-Pacific States
Grenada Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Belarus Member Eastern European States
Monaco Member Western European and other States
Djibouti Observer African States
United States of America Member Western European and other States
Saint Kitts and Nevis Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Iraq Member Asia-Pacific States
Latvia Member Eastern European States
Czech Republic Member Eastern European States
Suriname Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Nicaragua Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Finland Member Western European and other States
Singapore Observer Asia-Pacific States
Armenia Observer Asia-Pacific States
Malawi Member African States
Chad Member African States
Trinidad and Tobago Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Peru Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Guatemala Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Benin Member African States
Mongolia Observer Asia-Pacific States
Dominican Republic Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Uruguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Saint Lucia Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Ireland Member Western European and other States
Lebanon Observer Asia-Pacific States
Côte d’Ivoire Member African States
Swaziland Member African States
Niger Member African States
France Member Western European and other States
Slovakia Member Eastern European States
Malaysia Member Asia-Pacific States
Tunisia Member African States
Philippines Member Asia-Pacific States
Guinea Observer African States
Montenegro Member Eastern European States
Dominica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Uzbekistan Observer Eastern European States
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Israel Member Western European and other States
Jordan Observer Asia-Pacific States
Croatia Member Eastern European States
Sweden Member Western European and other States
Nigeria Member African States
Gabon Member African States
Slovenia Observer Eastern European States
Austria Member Western European and other States
Maldives Member Asia-Pacific States
China Member Asia-Pacific States
Turkey Member Eastern European States
Poland Observer Eastern European States
Haiti Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Morocco Member African States
Ecuador Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Vanuatu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Samoa Observer Asia-Pacific States
Italy Observer Western European and other States
Lesotho Observer African States
Cuba Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Switzerland Member Western European and other States
Niue Observer Asia-Pacific States
Gambia Observer African States
Solomon Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Azerbaijan Member Eastern European States
Mali Member African States
Congo Member African States
Turkmenistan Observer Eastern European States
Portugal Member Western European and other States
Honduras Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Botswana Member African States
Mozambique Observer African States
Egypt Member African States
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
San Marino Observer Western European and other States
Jamaica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Liberia Member African States
Cyprus Observer Western European and other States
Syrian Arab Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
Norway Member Western European and other States
Georgia Member Eastern European States
Somalia Observer African States
Afghanistan Member Asia-Pacific States
Canada Member Western European and other States April 21, 2012
Belgium Member Western European and other States April 21, 2012
Argentina Member Latin American and Caribbean States April 21, 2012
Australia Member Western European and other States April 21, 2012
Chile Member Latin American and Caribbean States April 21, 2012
Bhutan Member Asia-Pacific States April 21, 2012
Bulgaria Member Eastern European States June 12, 2017
Paraguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States January 10, 2018