IPBES was established in 2012 by more than 100 governments, and its membership has continued to grow as IPBES' impact has increased.

Who can become a member?
All States Members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership, with a large number of NGOs, organisations, conventions and civil society groupings participating in the formal IPBES process as observers.

Why become a member?
To strengthen knowledge foundations for better policy through science, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.

How to become a member?
Should your Government wish to join IPBES, all that is required is for this intention to be officially communicated to the IPBES secretariat, by way of a formal letter, issued by or on behalf of the authority that would normally issue credentials for your national delegation to participate in a session of the IPBES Plenary, in other words by your Head of State or Government or minister for foreign affairs, consistent with your national policies and law.

Members

132

Members by region (%)

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Flag Name Membership Status IPBES Region Membership date
Afghanistan Member Asia-Pacific States 08 Dec 2014
Albania Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Algeria Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Andorra Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Angola Observer African States
Antigua and Barbuda Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Argentina Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Armenia Member Eastern European States
Australia Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Austria Member Western European and other States
Azerbaijan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Bahamas Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Bahrain Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Bangladesh Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Barbados Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Belarus Member Eastern European States 28 Jul 2014
Belgium Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Belize Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Benin Member African States
Bhutan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Bosnia and Herzegovina Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Botswana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Brazil Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Brunei Darussalam Observer Asia-Pacific States
Bulgaria Member Eastern European States 12 Jun 2017
Burkina Faso Member African States
Burundi Member African States
Cabo Verde Observer African States
Cambodia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Cameroon Member African States 20 Dec 2013
Canada Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Central African Republic Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Chad Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Chile Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
China Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Colombia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Comoros Member African States
Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Cook Islands Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Costa Rica Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Côte d’Ivoire Member African States
Croatia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Cuba Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Cyprus Observer Western European and other States
Czech Republic Member Eastern European States 25 Aug 2014
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Observer Asia-Pacific States
Democratic Republic of the Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Denmark Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Djibouti Observer African States
Dominica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Dominican Republic Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Ecuador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Egypt Member African States
El Salvador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Equatorial Guinea Observer African States
Eritrea Observer African States
Estonia Member Eastern European States 23 May 2016
Eswatini Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Ethiopia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
European Union Observer 09 May 2018
Fiji Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Finland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
France Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Gabon Member African States
Gambia (Republic of The) Observer African States
Georgia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Germany Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Ghana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Greece Member Western European and other States 18 Dec 2014
Grenada Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Guatemala Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guinea Observer African States
Guinea Bissau Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Guyana Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Haiti Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Holy See Observer Western European and other States
Honduras Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Hungary Member Eastern European States
Iceland Observer Western European and other States
India Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Indonesia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Iraq Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Ireland Member Western European and other States
Israel Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Italy Observer Western European and other States
Jamaica Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Japan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Jordan Member Asia-Pacific States 17 May 2018
Kazakhstan Observer Asia-Pacific States
Kenya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Kiribati Observer Asia-Pacific States
Kuwait Observer Asia-Pacific States
Kyrgyzstan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Lao People's Democratic Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
Latvia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Lebanon Observer Asia-Pacific States
Lesotho Observer African States
Liberia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Libya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Liechtenstein Observer Western European and other States
Lithuania Member Eastern European States
Luxembourg Member Western European and other States
Madagascar Member African States
Malawi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Malaysia Member Asia-Pacific States
Maldives Member Asia-Pacific States 17 Feb 2013
Mali Member African States
Malta Observer Western European and other States
Marshall Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Mauritania Member African States
Mauritius Observer African States
Mexico Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Micronesia (Federated States of) Observer Western European and other States
Monaco Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Mongolia Observer Asia-Pacific States
Montenegro Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Morocco Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mozambique Observer African States
Myanmar Observer Asia-Pacific States
Namibia Observer African States
Nauru Observer Asia-Pacific States
Nepal Member Asia-Pacific States
Netherlands Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
New Zealand Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Nicaragua Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Niger Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Nigeria Member African States
Niue Observer Asia-Pacific States
North Macedonia Observer Eastern European States
Norway Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Oman Observer Asia-Pacific States
Pakistan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Palau Observer Asia-Pacific States
Panama Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Papua New Guinea Observer Asia-Pacific States
Paraguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 05 Jan 2018
Peru Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Philippines Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Poland Observer Eastern European States
Portugal Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Qatar Observer Asia-Pacific States
Republic of Korea Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Republic of Moldova Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Romania Member Eastern European States 06 Dec 2016
Russian Federation Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Rwanda Observer African States
Saint Kitts and Nevis Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Saint Lucia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Samoa Observer Asia-Pacific States
San Marino Observer Western European and other States
Sao Tome and Principe Observer African States
Saudi Arabia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Senegal Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Serbia Observer Eastern European States
Seychelles Observer African States
Sierra Leone Observer African States
Singapore Observer Asia-Pacific States
Slovakia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Slovenia Observer Eastern European States
Solomon Islands Observer Asia-Pacific States
Somalia Observer African States
South Africa Member African States 21 Apr 2012
South Sudan Observer African States
Spain Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Sri Lanka Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
State of Palestine Observer Asia-Pacific States
Sudan Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Suriname Observer Latin American and Caribbean States
Sweden Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Switzerland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Syrian Arab Republic Observer Asia-Pacific States
Tajikistan Member Asia-Pacific States
Thailand Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Timor-Leste Observer Asia-Pacific States
Togo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Tonga Observer Asia-Pacific States
Trinidad and Tobago Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Tunisia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Turkey Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Turkmenistan Observer Eastern European States
Tuvalu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Uganda Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Ukraine Observer Eastern European States
United Arab Emirates Member Asia-Pacific States 12 Feb 2015
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
United Republic of Tanzania Member African States 21 Apr 2012
United States of America Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Uruguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Uzbekistan Observer Eastern European States
Vanuatu Observer Asia-Pacific States
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States 14 Aug 2018
Viet Nam Member Asia-Pacific States 27 Aug 2014
Yemen Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Zambia Member African States 25 Feb 2014
Zimbabwe Member African States 21 Apr 2012
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