List of highlighted indicators selected for use in IPBES regional assessments and global assessment

Aichi Target Specific Indicator DPSIR¹ CF² GA Chapter RA Chapter Origin³ BIP⁴ Source
2 Number of countries implementing natural resource accounts, excluding energy, within the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD   UNSTATS, World Bank
3 Number of countries with national instruments on biodiversity relevant tradable permit schemes R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP OECD
3 Number of countries with national instruments on biodiversity-relevant taxes, charges and fees R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP OECD
3 Number of countries with national instruments on REDD plus schemes R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD   UNFCCC
3 Trends in potentially harmful elements of government support to agriculture (produced support estimates) R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD B OECD
3 Trends in potentially harmful elements of government support to fisheries R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP OECD
4 Human appropriation of net primary productivity P DD 2,3,4 4 CBD   Krausmann et al., 2013
4 Trend in Carbon Intensity R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 EPI   WRI, WB, IEA from Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
5, 12 Global climate risk Index D,I DD,NBP 2,3,4 2,4 Future Earth   germanwatch.org
5, 14 Wetland Extent Trend Index S BEF,NBP 2,3,4 2,3 IPBES B UNEP-WCMC
5-12, 14 Living Planet Index S BEF 2,3 3 CBD B WWF/ZSL
6 BioTime-Local Species Richness, Temporal Species Turnover, Overall Abundance S BEF 2,3 3 Future Earth   Dornelas et al., 2014
6 Coverage of fisheries with management measures to reduce bycatch and discards R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
6 Global effort in bottom trawling P DD 2,3,4 4 CBD   Around the Sea
6 Mean length of fish S BEF 2,3 3 Future Earth   Shin et al., 2010
6 Non declining exploited species S BES 2,3,4 3,4 Future Earth BP Kleisner et al., 2015
6 Number and coverage of stocks with adaptive management systems / plans R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
6 Policies make adequate provisions to minimize impacts of fisheries on threatened species. R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
6 Policies to secure that mortalities and significant indirect adverse impacts on non-species are accounted for are in place R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
6 Presence of regulations requiring recovery of depleted species R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
6 Proportion of predatory fish S BEF 2,3 3 Future Earth   Shin et al., 2010
7 Areas of agricultural land under conservation agriculture P,R IGID,DD 2,3,4,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
7 Nitrogen Use Balance P DD 2,3,4,5 4,5 EPI   Zhang et al. 2015
7 Number of world natural heritage sites per country per year P NBP,IGID,GQL 2,3,4,6 2,4,6 Future Earth   UNESCO
7 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture (indicator for SDG 2.4) P,R IGID,DD 2,3,4,6 4,6 CBD BP FAO
9 Trends in invasive alien species vertebrate eradications R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD B IUCN ISSG, Island Conservation
9 Trends in the numbers of invasive alien species introduction events P DD 2,3,4 4 CBD B IUCN ISSG
11 Protected area coverage of terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecoregions R IGID,BEF 2,3,6 3,4,6 CBD B UNEP-WCMC
11 Protected Area Representativeness Index P,R IGID,DD 2,3,4,6 4,6 CBD   GEO BON-CSIRO
11 The Wildlife Picture Index (disaggregated by protected area) S,I,R IGID,DD,BEF 2,3,4,6 3,4,6 CBD B Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring (TEAM) Network
12 Mean Species Abundance (GLOBIO3) S BEF 2,3,4,5 3,5,7 Future Earth   Alkemade et al., 2009
12 Number of species extinctions S BEF 2,3 3 CBD B IUCN, BirdLife International and others
12 RAMSAR areas S BEF,IGID 2,3,6 3,4,6 Future Earth BP RAMSAR
14 Better Life Index I GQL 2,3,4 2 CBD BP OECD
14 Percentage of population using safely managed drinking water services (indicator for SDG  6.1) I GQL 2,3,4 2 CBD   WHO, UNICEF
14, 15 Land under cereal production (ha) I NBP,DD 2,3,4 2,4 Future Earth   World Bank (WB)
15 Global Ecosystem Restoration Index S IGID,BEF 2,3,6 2,4,6 CBD   GEO BON, iDiv
16 Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP Secretariat of the CBD
18 Global Index of Linguistic Diversity and language threat level. S BES,NBP 2,3,4 2,3 CBD B Teralingua
19 Growth in species occurrence records accessible through GBIF R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD B GBIF
19 Species represented in the barcode of life data system S,R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD   Barcode of Life Data Systems
20 Information provided through the financial reporting framework, adopted by decision XII/3 R IGID 2,3,6 4,6 CBD BP Secretariat of the CBD

1 DPSIR - D: Drivers, P: Pressure, S: Status, I: Impact, R: Response

2 CF (Conceptual Framework) - DD: direct driver, NBP: nature's benefit to people/ ecosystem goods and services, BEF: nature/biodiversity and ecosystem functions, IGID: institutions, governance and other indirect drivers, GQL: good quality of life/human well-being

3 CBD: Convention of Biological Diversity SBSTTA 20 draft indicator list; Future Earth: recommended by Future Earth indicator group; EPI: used in the Yale Environmental Protection Index; IPBES: added by the IPBES Task Force for Data and Knowledge

4 BIP (Biodiversity Indicator Partnership): B: indicators in BIP global suite, BP: data/indicator holder in BIP partnership