ABT 5. Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation
By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
Protected Planet is the online visual interface for the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), a joint project of IUCN and UN Environment. The visual interface combines governmental, expert and general public opinions on protected areas. Protected Planet is the most up to date and complete source of information on protected areas. It is updated monthly with submissions from governments, non-governmental organizations, landowners and communities.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is the most comprehensive, objective database of the global conservation status of species. It evaluates the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. The IUCN aims to have each species re-evaluated in a peer reviewed manner every five years if possible, or at least every ten years. It provides information about range, population size, habitat and ecology, use, trade, threats, and conservation actions.
The Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme (NTFP-EP) in South and Southeast Asia empowers forestry-based communities to manage forest resources in a sustainable manner. To this end, the NTFP-EP catalyses and supports activities that strengthen the capacity of their partner organisations in their work with forest-dependent communities, particularly indigenous peoples.
The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP) is a global initiative to promote and coordinate the development and delivery of biodiversity indicators for use by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and other biodiversity-related conventions, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and national and regional agencies.
A suite of open-source software models to map and value ecosystem services. These are GIS-based spatial models that quantitatively analyse spatial changes in ecosystem services. They can be used to assess alternative management options by measuring the trade-offs.
Using maps as information sources and producing maps as outputs, they return results in either biophysical or economic terms. The models are based on production functions that define how changes in an ecosystem’s structure and function affects the flows and values of ecosystem services across a land- or a seascape.