By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.

GIZ ValuES "Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services" Training course

Measuring the economic linkages and values associated with biodiversity and ecosystem services is often regarded as a key argument to make the case for conservation investments. In reality, however, economic valuation studies often do not reach decisionmakers or influence real-world conservation and development planning, policy and practice. At the same time, project planners and managers often lack the capacity and knowhow to identify how, and in which ways, ecosystem valuation can best be used to assist them in their work or to further their mandate.

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP)

The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP) is a global initiative to promote and coordinate the development and delivery of biodiversity indicators for use by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and other biodiversity-related conventions, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and national and regional agencies.

Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST)

A suite of open-source software models to map and value ecosystem services. These are GIS-based spatial models that quantitatively analyse spatial changes in ecosystem services. They can be used to assess alternative management options by measuring the trade-offs.

Using maps as information sources and producing maps as outputs, they return results in either biophysical or economic terms. The models are based on production functions that define how changes in an ecosystem’s structure and function affects the flows and values of ecosystem services across a land- or a seascape.