By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.

Protocol and Best Practice for the Research on and Public Distribution of Information from Projects Involving Indigenous Peoples

This protocol establishes a general and widely-applicable set of principles and recommendations for federal- or state-funded researchers to positively communicate and collaborate with federally recognized American Indian tribes. The protocol’s non-linear set of initiatives includes consideration of the ethics and legality of obtaining permission to conduct research, collaboration with the host community, seeing from the perspective of the host community, and reciprocity and “giving back” to the community.

A linked land-sea modeling framework to inform ridge-to-reef management in high oceanic islands

This linked land-sea modeling framework helps assess the relative influence of terrestrial and marine drivers on coral reef communities. It links land cover/use to coral reefs through analyzing nutrient-enriched groundwater flux. Based on climate, groundwater recharge and recharge nutrient concentration data, groundwater flow and nutrient flux discharging at the coast are modeled. The model was developed for two ahupua’a, or traditional ridge-to-reef management systems, in Hawaii.